GHB

Download GHB Fact Sheet What is GHB? GHB (chemical name: Gamma-hydroxybutyrate) or Grievous Bodily Harm as it’s commonly called, is a depressant-type drug. Ingesting the drug does not cause depression in the user, rather, depressant-type drugs slow the central nervous system, resulting in the delay of messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Whilst Gamma-hydroxybutyrate is a naturally occurring chemical in the human body, the illegal variant of the drug most frequently used socially is a synthesised drug manufactured in illicit and backyard labs. (1) In small doses, taking GHB results in the user feeling euphoric, relaxed,…

Morphine and Heroin

What are Morphine and Heroin? Morphine and Heroin are part of the Opioid class of drugs. Morphine is a naturally occurring opiate derived from the resin of the Opium Poppy. Heroin is a chemically processed derivative of Morphine and is classified as semi-synthetic. Opioids are depressant drugs; this does not imply they make a user depressed, but rather they act on the central nervous system by slowing its activity and consequently slowing messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Opioids also impact receptors in the brain by blocking pain and inducing euphoric feelings. (1) As opposed to…

Benzodiazepines

What are Benzodiazepines? Benzodiazepines are central nervous system depressants, which means they slow down the workings of the brain. When prescribed by a medical professional, they are intended to treat stress, anxiety, and sleeping disorders. When abused recreationally, users commonly report feelings of euphoria (a “high”), or when the drug is combined with stimulant type drugs (cocaine, amphetamines, ecstasy) it is used as an aid to ‘come down’. (Better Health Channel, 2020) Irrespective of the use type (legal or illegal) Benzodiazepines are highly addictive. For this reason, usage for medical conditions is generally limited to courses administered over days, or…

Cocaine

What is Cocaine? Cocaine is an illicit substance derived from the Coca plant that is classified as a psychostimulant drug. Psychostimulant drugs speed up the messages travelling between the brain and affected parts of the body. Cocaine is popularly used on social occasions, which results in bingeing (repeated use at increasingly higher doses). (The Department of Health, 2004) Long-term abuse of Cocaine can result in the user experiencing a wide range of serious mental and physical health conditions. These effects are not only derived from the drug itself, but also from the method of administration. Cocaine is an extremely addictive…

Amphetamines

Click here to download our Fact Sheet What are Amphetamines? Amphetamines are synthetic stimulant drugs; In layman’s terms, they are lab-created substances that speed up the workings of the brain. There are legal (prescribed by a doctor) and illegal amphetamines. Long-term misuse of amphetamines can lead to serious problems, including changes to the brain, cardiovascular damage, malnutrition and anxiety and paranoia. (1) The Amphetamine class of drugs, or Amphetamine Type Stimulants (ATS) includes amphetamine, methylamphetamine, dexamphetamine, amphetamine analogues and amphetamines not elsewhere classified. (1)   Common Street Names Addies, Bennies, Black Beauties, Crosses, Crank, Goey, Hearts, LA Turnaround, Louee, Rack, Speed, Truck…